Conditions affecting the tendon, arthritis, ganglion cysts, and infections are among the potential causes of finger pain. If a person has symptoms or pain in their fingers that interfere with their daily activities, they should contact a doctor. If they think they may have a fracture, dislocation, or wound infection, they should also get medical help right away.
Hand and finger injuries are frequent. This is especially true for those who participate in sports or frequently utilize heavy machinery or tools.
Some causes include:
- Dropping to the hand
- Blows and knocks
- Tying up a finger
- Excessively stretching or bending the fingers rearward
Injuries to the fingers can result in discomfort, edoema, and restricted motion. In more serious situations, a person can fracture or dislocate a finger bone, injure a tendon, or injure a ligament.
Identifying types of finger pain
The discomfort in your fingers may be dull and achy or severe and cramp-like. Pain may appear out of nowhere and then disappear.
Pain and swelling together:-
It will typically be bloated, purple or blue in color, and excruciatingly painful if you have a fractured finger. The bone may be literally detached and visible through the skin in some circumstances.
Pain that throbs or hurts when moving:-
Carpal tunnel syndrome and other illnesses that affect your arms and hand’s muscles and nerves can lead to:
- A sharp pain in the fingers and hand
- Discomfort when attempting to move your wrist or the affected fingers
- Having trouble writing or typing
- Hand trembling
Sharp shooting pain:-
When the bones of your finger or thumb separate from their articulating joints, it is known as a finger dislocation. The displacement is sometimes obvious.
Additionally, you can feel a shooting pain or a throbbing pain.
Pain at the injured site:-
Your finger could hurt where you have a cut there. You might also experience pain that spreads or radiates to other portions of your hand, depending on how deep the cut is.
Pain accompanied by lumps:-
Along with your finger pain, you can also feel the following signs if you have a growth on your hand such a boil or nodule:
- A glob of liquid
- A skin-hardened area
- An adjustable lump beneath the skin
- A soft bump that can be touched
How to identify finger discomfort:-
Your doctor might be able to identify the illness based solely on a physical examination if you have a cut or growth on your finger. More information will be required if you have pain when using your fingers and there is no clear cause.
Your doctor will inquire about your past medical history, current medications, and line of work. Your doctor can use this information to determine which tests are required for a correct diagnosis.
Blood tests and imaging tests like X-rays are frequently used to diagnose finger pain.
Any fractures and unusual growths in the finger can be seen on an X-ray. A nerve study or additional imaging tests may be prescribed by your doctor if an X-ray is insufficient to make a diagnosis.
Rice therapy can typically be used to treat a minor finger injury:
- Rest. As much as possible, refrain from using the finger until it has had a chance to heal. Additionally, buddy taping the finger to a nearby finger or using a splint to immobilize it may be helpful.
- Ice. Several times a day, apply an ice pack to the hurt finger for up to 20 minutes each time. Ice cubes might help with edoema and pain relief.
- Compression. Wrap a soft dressing or bandage snugly around the wounded finger, being careful not to squeeze it so much that the blood vessels get constricted.
- Elevation. Swelling may be lessened by keeping the finger elevated over the heart.
Pain and swelling may be lessened by taking over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers such acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen.
When a finger appears to be broken or dislocated, the person should stop moving it and get help right away.
In order to ensure adequate healing and lower the chance of secondary issues, a qualified healthcare practitioner will realign the bone and immobilize the finger.
Cuts, scratches, and burns that cause finger pain frequently go away without medical intervention. Just allow the region some time to heal. You can take over-the-counter pain medications to help ease your discomfort.
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The medical term for the disorder known as stenosing tenosynovitis is “trigger finger.”
When someone tries to move their finger, it may lock or catch due to inflammation of the tendon sheath at the base of the finger.
Trigger finger symptoms can include:
- Swelling and discomfort near the finger’s base
- A problem with the finger bending or straightening
- When attempting to move the finger, there is a popping or catching sensation.
- Finger rigidity
Trigger finger symptoms could be more severe right after waking up or following other prolonged periods of inactivity.
The exact aetiology of trigger finger is unknown; however certain medical disorders like diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis as well as hand injuries may enhance a person’s risk of getting it.
What causes trigger finger?
Your fingertips include a number of tiny bones. These bones are joined to muscles by tendons. Your tendons pull on your bones as your muscles contract or tighten to move your fingers.
The muscles and bones of your hands are connected to your forearm by long tendons known as flexor tendons. A flexor tendon sheath, which resembles a tunnel for the tendon, allows flexor tendons to slip through it. Your tendon can’t move easily if the tunnel gets too small. What happens in trigger finger is this.
The tendon irritates and swells as a result of sliding through the constricted sheath. Motion becomes quite challenging. A lump that develops as a result of inflammation may further limit motion. Your finger remains bent as a result of this. It gets quite challenging to straighten.
Trigger finger is often treated by resting and immobilizing the finger, sometimes with the aid of a splint. The doctor could also advise performing some gentle finger stretching exercises to increase mobility and lessen stiffness.
A doctor could recommend steroid injections to aid those with more severe symptoms by reducing pain and inflammation. Surgery to relieve the tendon sheath may be required if other therapies are unsuccessful.